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Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Public Proposal TL;DR:

Dragonchain has demonstrated twice Reddit’s entire total daily volume (votes, comments, and posts per Reddit 2019 Year in Review) in a 24-hour demo on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. At the time, in January 2020, the entire cost of the demo was approximately $25K on a single system (transaction fees locked at $0.0001/txn). With current fees (lowest fee $0.0000025/txn), this would cost as little as $625.
Watch Joe walk through the entire proposal and answer questions on YouTube.
This proposal is also available on the Dragonchain blog.

Hello Reddit and Ethereum community!

I’m Joe Roets, Founder & CEO of Dragonchain. When the team and I first heard about The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off we were intrigued. We believe we have the solutions Reddit seeks for its community points system and we have them at scale.
For your consideration, we have submitted our proposal below. The team at Dragonchain and I welcome and look forward to your technical questions, philosophical feedback, and fair criticism, to build a scaling solution for Reddit that will empower its users. Because our architecture is unlike other blockchain platforms out there today, we expect to receive many questions while people try to grasp our project. I will answer all questions here in this thread on Reddit, and I've answered some questions in the stream on YouTube.
We have seen good discussions so far in the competition. We hope that Reddit’s scaling solution will emerge from The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and that Reddit will have great success with the implementation.

Executive summary

Dragonchain is a robust open source hybrid blockchain platform that has proven to withstand the passing of time since our inception in 2014. We have continued to evolve to harness the scalability of private nodes, yet take full advantage of the security of public decentralized networks, like Ethereum. We have a live, operational, and fully functional Interchain network integrating Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and ~700 independent Dragonchain nodes. Every transaction is secured to Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Ethereum Classic. Transactions are immediately usable on chain, and the first decentralization is seen within 20 seconds on Dragon Net. Security increases further to public networks ETH, BTC, and ETC within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Smart contracts can be written in any executable language, offering full freedom to existing developers. We invite any developer to watch the demo, play with our SDK’s, review open source code, and to help us move forward. Dragonchain specializes in scalable loyalty & rewards solutions and has built a decentralized social network on chain, with very affordable transaction costs. This experience can be combined with the insights Reddit and the Ethereum community have gained in the past couple of months to roll out the solution at a rapid pace.

Response and PoC

In The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off post, Reddit has asked for a series of demonstrations, requirements, and other considerations. In this section, we will attempt to answer all of these requests.

Live Demo

A live proof of concept showing hundreds of thousands of transactions
On Jan 7, 2020, Dragonchain hosted a 24-hour live demonstration during which a quarter of a billion (250 million+) transactions executed fully on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. This means that every single transaction is secured by, and traceable to these networks. An attack on this system would require a simultaneous attack on all of the Interchained networks.
24 hours in 4 minutes (YouTube):
24 hours in 4 minutes
The demonstration was of a single business system, and any user is able to scale this further, by running multiple systems simultaneously. Our goals for the event were to demonstrate a consistent capacity greater than that of Visa over an extended time period.
Tooling to reproduce our demo is available here:
https://github.com/dragonchain/spirit-bomb

Source Code

Source code (for on & off-chain components as well tooling used for the PoC). The source code does not have to be shared publicly, but if Reddit decides to use a particular solution it will need to be shared with Reddit at some point.

Scaling

How it works & scales

Architectural Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture attacks the scalability issue from multiple angles. Dragonchain is a hybrid blockchain platform, wherein every transaction is protected on a business node to the requirements of that business or purpose. A business node may be held completely private or may be exposed or replicated to any level of exposure desired.
Every node has its own blockchain and is independently scalable. Dragonchain established Context Based Verification as its consensus model. Every transaction is immediately usable on a trust basis, and in time is provable to an increasing level of decentralized consensus. A transaction will have a level of decentralization to independently owned and deployed Dragonchain nodes (~700 nodes) within seconds, and full decentralization to BTC and ETH within minutes or hours. Level 5 nodes (Interchain nodes) function to secure all transactions to public or otherwise external chains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. These nodes scale the system by aggregating multiple blocks into a single Interchain transaction on a cadence. This timing is configurable based upon average fees for each respective chain. For detailed information about Dragonchain’s architecture, and Context Based Verification, please refer to the Dragonchain Architecture Document.

Economic Scaling

An interesting feature of Dragonchain’s network consensus is its economics and scarcity model. Since Dragon Net nodes (L2-L4) are independent staking nodes, deployment to cloud platforms would allow any of these nodes to scale to take on a large percentage of the verification work. This is great for scalability, but not good for the economy, because there is no scarcity, and pricing would develop a downward spiral and result in fewer verification nodes. For this reason, Dragonchain uses TIME as scarcity.
TIME is calculated as the number of Dragons held, multiplied by the number of days held. TIME influences the user’s access to features within the Dragonchain ecosystem. It takes into account both the Dragon balance and length of time each Dragon is held. TIME is staked by users against every verification node and dictates how much of the transaction fees are awarded to each participating node for every block.
TIME also dictates the transaction fee itself for the business node. TIME is staked against a business node to set a deterministic transaction fee level (see transaction fee table below in Cost section). This is very interesting in a discussion about scaling because it guarantees independence for business implementation. No matter how much traffic appears on the entire network, a business is guaranteed to not see an increased transaction fee rate.

Scaled Deployment

Dragonchain uses Docker and Kubernetes to allow the use of best practices traditional system scaling. Dragonchain offers managed nodes with an easy to use web based console interface. The user may also deploy a Dragonchain node within their own datacenter or favorite cloud platform. Users have deployed Dragonchain nodes on-prem on Amazon AWS, Google Cloud, MS Azure, and other hosting platforms around the world. Any executable code, anything you can write, can be written into a smart contract. This flexibility is what allows us to say that developers with no blockchain experience can use any code language to access the benefits of blockchain. Customers have used NodeJS, Python, Java, and even BASH shell script to write smart contracts on Dragonchain.
With Docker containers, we achieve better separation of concerns, faster deployment, higher reliability, and lower response times.
We chose Kubernetes for its self-healing features, ability to run multiple services on one server, and its large and thriving development community. It is resilient, scalable, and automated. OpenFaaS allows us to package smart contracts as Docker images for easy deployment.
Contract deployment time is now bounded only by the size of the Docker image being deployed but remains fast even for reasonably large images. We also take advantage of Docker’s flexibility and its ability to support any language that can run on x86 architecture. Any image, public or private, can be run as a smart contract using Dragonchain.

Flexibility in Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture considers interoperability and integration as key features. From inception, we had a goal to increase adoption via integration with real business use cases and traditional systems.
We envision the ability for Reddit, in the future, to be able to integrate alternate content storage platforms or other financial services along with the token.
  • LBRY - To allow users to deploy content natively to LBRY
  • MakerDAO to allow users to lend small amounts backed by their Reddit community points.
  • STORJ/SIA to allow decentralized on chain storage of portions of content. These integrations or any other are relatively easy to integrate on Dragonchain with an Interchain implementation.

Cost

Cost estimates (on-chain and off-chain) For the purpose of this proposal, we assume that all transactions are on chain (posts, replies, and votes).
On the Dragonchain network, transaction costs are deterministic/predictable. By staking TIME on the business node (as described above) Reddit can reduce transaction costs to as low as $0.0000025 per transaction.
Dragonchain Fees Table

Getting Started

How to run it
Building on Dragonchain is simple and requires no blockchain experience. Spin up a business node (L1) in our managed environment (AWS), run it in your own cloud environment, or on-prem in your own datacenter. Clear documentation will walk you through the steps of spinning up your first Dragonchain Level 1 Business node.
Getting started is easy...
  1. Download Dragonchain’s dctl
  2. Input three commands into a terminal
  3. Build an image
  4. Run it
More information can be found in our Get started documents.

Architecture
Dragonchain is an open source hybrid platform. Through Dragon Net, each chain combines the power of a public blockchain (like Ethereum) with the privacy of a private blockchain.
Dragonchain organizes its network into five separate levels. A Level 1, or business node, is a totally private blockchain only accessible through the use of public/private keypairs. All business logic, including smart contracts, can be executed on this node directly and added to the chain.
After creating a block, the Level 1 business node broadcasts a version stripped of sensitive private data to Dragon Net. Three Level 2 Validating nodes validate the transaction based on guidelines determined from the business. A Level 3 Diversity node checks that the level 2 nodes are from a diverse array of locations. A Level 4 Notary node, hosted by a KYC partner, then signs the validation record received from the Level 3 node. The transaction hash is ledgered to the Level 5 public chain to take advantage of the hash power of massive public networks.
Dragon Net can be thought of as a “blockchain of blockchains”, where every level is a complete private blockchain. Because an L1 can send to multiple nodes on a single level, proof of existence is distributed among many places in the network. Eventually, proof of existence reaches level 5 and is published on a public network.

API Documentation

APIs (on chain & off)

SDK Source

Nobody’s Perfect

Known issues or tradeoffs
  • Dragonchain is open source and even though the platform is easy enough for developers to code in any language they are comfortable with, we do not have so large a developer community as Ethereum. We would like to see the Ethereum developer community (and any other communities) become familiar with our SDK’s, our solutions, and our platform, to unlock the full potential of our Ethereum Interchain. Long ago we decided to prioritize both Bitcoin and Ethereum Interchains. We envision an ecosystem that encompasses different projects to give developers the ability to take full advantage of all the opportunities blockchain offers to create decentralized solutions not only for Reddit but for all of our current platforms and systems. We believe that together we will take the adoption of blockchain further. We currently have additional Interchain with Ethereum Classic. We look forward to Interchain with other blockchains in the future. We invite all blockchains projects who believe in decentralization and security to Interchain with Dragonchain.
  • While we only have 700 nodes compared to 8,000 Ethereum and 10,000 Bitcoin nodes. We harness those 18,000 nodes to scale to extremely high levels of security. See Dragonchain metrics.
  • Some may consider the centralization of Dragonchain’s business nodes as an issue at first glance, however, the model is by design to protect business data. We do not consider this a drawback as these nodes can make any, none, or all data public. Depending upon the implementation, every subreddit could have control of its own business node, for potential business and enterprise offerings, bringing new alternative revenue streams to Reddit.

Costs and resources

Summary of cost & resource information for both on-chain & off-chain components used in the PoC, as well as cost & resource estimates for further scaling. If your PoC is not on mainnet, make note of any mainnet caveats (such as congestion issues).
Every transaction on the PoC system had a transaction fee of $0.0001 (one-hundredth of a cent USD). At 256MM transactions, the demo cost $25,600. With current operational fees, the same demonstration would cost $640 USD.
For the demonstration, to achieve throughput to mimic a worldwide payments network, we modeled several clients in AWS and 4-5 business nodes to handle the traffic. The business nodes were tuned to handle higher throughput by adjusting memory and machine footprint on AWS. This flexibility is valuable to implementing a system such as envisioned by Reddit. Given that Reddit’s daily traffic (posts, replies, and votes) is less than half that of our demo, we would expect that the entire Reddit system could be handled on 2-5 business nodes using right-sized containers on AWS or similar environments.
Verification was accomplished on the operational Dragon Net network with over 700 independently owned verification nodes running around the world at no cost to the business other than paid transaction fees.

Requirements

Scaling

This PoC should scale to the numbers below with minimal costs (both on & off-chain). There should also be a clear path to supporting hundreds of millions of users.
Over a 5 day period, your scaling PoC should be able to handle:
*100,000 point claims (minting & distributing points) *25,000 subscriptions *75,000 one-off points burning *100,000 transfers
During Dragonchain’s 24 hour demo, the above required numbers were reached within the first few minutes.
Reddit’s total activity is 9000% more than Ethereum’s total transaction level. Even if you do not include votes, it is still 700% more than Ethereum’s current volume. Dragonchain has demonstrated that it can handle 250 million transactions a day, and it’s architecture allows for multiple systems to work at that level simultaneously. In our PoC, we demonstrate double the full capacity of Reddit, and every transaction was proven all the way to Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Reddit Scaling on Ethereum

Decentralization

Solutions should not depend on any single third-party provider. We prefer solutions that do not depend on specific entities such as Reddit or another provider, and solutions with no single point of control or failure in off-chain components but recognize there are numerous trade-offs to consider
Dragonchain’s architecture calls for a hybrid approach. Private business nodes hold the sensitive data while the validation and verification of transactions for the business are decentralized within seconds and secured to public blockchains within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Nodes could potentially be controlled by owners of individual subreddits for more organic decentralization.
  • Billing is currently centralized - there is a path to federation and decentralization of a scaled billing solution.
  • Operational multi-cloud
  • Operational on-premises capabilities
  • Operational deployment to any datacenter
  • Over 700 independent Community Verification Nodes with proof of ownership
  • Operational Interchain (Interoperable to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ethereum Classic, open to more)

Usability Scaling solutions should have a simple end user experience.

Users shouldn't have to maintain any extra state/proofs, regularly monitor activity, keep track of extra keys, or sign anything other than their normal transactions
Dragonchain and its customers have demonstrated extraordinary usability as a feature in many applications, where users do not need to know that the system is backed by a live blockchain. Lyceum is one of these examples, where the progress of academy courses is being tracked, and successful completion of courses is rewarded with certificates on chain. Our @Save_The_Tweet bot is popular on Twitter. When used with one of the following hashtags - #please, #blockchain, #ThankYou, or #eternalize the tweet is saved through Eternal to multiple blockchains. A proof report is available for future reference. Other examples in use are DEN, our decentralized social media platform, and our console, where users can track their node rewards, view their TIME, and operate a business node.
Examples:

Transactions complete in a reasonable amount of time (seconds or minutes, not hours or days)
All transactions are immediately usable on chain by the system. A transaction begins the path to decentralization at the conclusion of a 5-second block when it gets distributed across 5 separate community run nodes. Full decentralization occurs within 10 minutes to 2 hours depending on which interchain (Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Ethereum Classic) the transaction hits first. Within approximately 2 hours, the combined hash power of all interchained blockchains secures the transaction.

Free to use for end users (no gas fees, or fixed/minimal fees that Reddit can pay on their behalf)
With transaction pricing as low as $0.0000025 per transaction, it may be considered reasonable for Reddit to cover transaction fees for users.
All of Reddit's Transactions on Blockchain (month)
Community points can be earned by users and distributed directly to their Reddit account in batch (as per Reddit minting plan), and allow users to withdraw rewards to their Ethereum wallet whenever they wish. Withdrawal fees can be paid by either user or Reddit. This model has been operating inside the Dragonchain system since 2018, and many security and financial compliance features can be optionally added. We feel that this capability greatly enhances user experience because it is seamless to a regular user without cryptocurrency experience, yet flexible to a tech savvy user. With regard to currency or token transactions, these would occur on the Reddit network, verified to BTC and ETH. These transactions would incur the $0.0000025 transaction fee. To estimate this fee we use the monthly active Reddit users statista with a 60% adoption rate and an estimated 10 transactions per month average resulting in an approximate $720 cost across the system. Reddit could feasibly incur all associated internal network charges (mining/minting, transfer, burn) as these are very low and controllable fees.
Reddit Internal Token Transaction Fees

Reddit Ethereum Token Transaction Fees
When we consider further the Ethereum fees that might be incurred, we have a few choices for a solution.
  1. Offload all Ethereum transaction fees (user withdrawals) to interested users as they wish to withdraw tokens for external use or sale.
  2. Cover Ethereum transaction fees by aggregating them on a timed schedule. Users would request withdrawal (from Reddit or individual subreddits), and they would be transacted on the Ethereum network every hour (or some other schedule).
  3. In a combination of the above, customers could cover aggregated fees.
  4. Integrate with alternate Ethereum roll up solutions or other proposals to aggregate minting and distribution transactions onto Ethereum.

Bonus Points

Users should be able to view their balances & transactions via a blockchain explorer-style interface
From interfaces for users who have no knowledge of blockchain technology to users who are well versed in blockchain terms such as those present in a typical block explorer, a system powered by Dragonchain has flexibility on how to provide balances and transaction data to users. Transactions can be made viewable in an Eternal Proof Report, which displays raw data along with TIME staking information and traceability all the way to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and every other Interchained network. The report shows fields such as transaction ID, timestamp, block ID, multiple verifications, and Interchain proof. See example here.
Node payouts within the Dragonchain console are listed in chronological order and can be further seen in either Dragons or USD. See example here.
In our social media platform, Dragon Den, users can see, in real-time, their NRG and MTR balances. See example here.
A new influencer app powered by Dragonchain, Raiinmaker, breaks down data into a user friendly interface that shows coin portfolio, redeemed rewards, and social scores per campaign. See example here.

Exiting is fast & simple
Withdrawing funds on Dragonchain’s console requires three clicks, however, withdrawal scenarios with more enhanced security features per Reddit’s discretion are obtainable.

Interoperability Compatibility with third party apps (wallets/contracts/etc) is necessary.
Proven interoperability at scale that surpasses the required specifications. Our entire platform consists of interoperable blockchains connected to each other and traditional systems. APIs are well documented. Third party permissions are possible with a simple smart contract without the end user being aware. No need to learn any specialized proprietary language. Any code base (not subsets) is usable within a Docker container. Interoperable with any blockchain or traditional APIs. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js. Please see our source code and API documentation.

Scaling solutions should be extensible and allow third parties to build on top of it Open source and extensible
APIs should be well documented and stable

Documentation should be clear and complete
For full documentation, explore our docs, SDK’s, Github repo’s, architecture documents, original Disney documentation, and other links or resources provided in this proposal.

Third-party permissionless integrations should be possible & straightforward Smart contracts are Docker based, can be written in any language, use full language (not subsets), and can therefore be integrated with any system including traditional system APIs. Simple is better. Learning an uncommon or proprietary language should not be necessary.
Advanced knowledge of mathematics, cryptography, or L2 scaling should not be required. Compatibility with common utilities & toolchains is expected.
Dragonchain business nodes and smart contracts leverage Docker to allow the use of literally any language or executable code. No proprietary language is necessary. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js.

Bonus

Bonus Points: Show us how it works. Do you have an idea for a cool new use case for Community Points? Build it!

TIME

Community points could be awarded to Reddit users based upon TIME too, whereas the longer someone is part of a subreddit, the more community points someone naturally gained, even if not actively commenting or sharing new posts. A daily login could be required for these community points to be credited. This grants awards to readers too and incentivizes readers to create an account on Reddit if they browse the website often. This concept could also be leveraged to provide some level of reputation based upon duration and consistency of contribution to a community subreddit.

Dragon Den

Dragonchain has already built a social media platform that harnesses community involvement. Dragon Den is a decentralized community built on the Dragonchain blockchain platform. Dragon Den is Dragonchain’s answer to fake news, trolling, and censorship. It incentivizes the creation and evaluation of quality content within communities. It could be described as being a shareholder of a subreddit or Reddit in its entirety. The more your subreddit is thriving, the more rewarding it will be. Den is currently in a public beta and in active development, though the real token economy is not live yet. There are different tokens for various purposes. Two tokens are Lair Ownership Rights (LOR) and Lair Ownership Tokens (LOT). LOT is a non-fungible token for ownership of a specific Lair. LOT will only be created and converted from LOR.
Energy (NRG) and Matter (MTR) work jointly. Your MTR determines how much NRG you receive in a 24-hour period. Providing quality content, or evaluating content will earn MTR.

Security. Users have full ownership & control of their points.
All community points awarded based upon any type of activity or gift, are secured and provable to all Interchain networks (currently BTC, ETH, ETC). Users are free to spend and withdraw their points as they please, depending on the features Reddit wants to bring into production.

Balances and transactions cannot be forged, manipulated, or blocked by Reddit or anyone else
Users can withdraw their balance to their ERC20 wallet, directly through Reddit. Reddit can cover the fees on their behalf, or the user covers this with a portion of their balance.

Users should own their points and be able to get on-chain ERC20 tokens without permission from anyone else
Through our console users can withdraw their ERC20 rewards. This can be achieved on Reddit too. Here is a walkthrough of our console, though this does not show the quick withdrawal functionality, a user can withdraw at any time. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNlTMxnfVHw

Points should be recoverable to on-chain ERC20 tokens even if all third-parties involved go offline
If necessary, signed transactions from the Reddit system (e.g. Reddit + Subreddit) can be sent to the Ethereum smart contract for minting.

A public, third-party review attesting to the soundness of the design should be available
To our knowledge, at least two large corporations, including a top 3 accounting firm, have conducted positive reviews. These reviews have never been made public, as Dragonchain did not pay or contract for these studies to be released.

Bonus points
Public, third-party implementation review available or in progress
See above

Compatibility with HSMs & hardware wallets
For the purpose of this proposal, all tokenization would be on the Ethereum network using standard token contracts and as such, would be able to leverage all hardware wallet and Ethereum ecosystem services.

Other Considerations

Minting/distributing tokens is not performed by Reddit directly
This operation can be automated by smart contract on Ethereum. Subreddits can if desired have a role to play.

One off point burning, as well as recurring, non-interactive point burning (for subreddit memberships) should be possible and scalable
This is possible and scalable with interaction between Dragonchain Reddit system and Ethereum token contract(s).

Fully open-source solutions are strongly preferred
Dragonchain is fully open source (see section on Disney release after conclusion).

Conclusion

Whether it is today, or in the future, we would like to work together to bring secure flexibility to the highest standards. It is our hope to be considered by Ethereum, Reddit, and other integrative solutions so we may further discuss the possibilities of implementation. In our public demonstration, 256 million transactions were handled in our operational network on chain in 24 hours, for the low cost of $25K, which if run today would cost $625. Dragonchain’s interoperable foundation provides the atmosphere necessary to implement a frictionless community points system. Thank you for your consideration of our proposal. We look forward to working with the community to make something great!

Disney Releases Blockchain Platform as Open Source

The team at Disney created the Disney Private Blockchain Platform. The system was a hybrid interoperable blockchain platform for ledgering and smart contract development geared toward solving problems with blockchain adoption and usability. All objective evaluation would consider the team’s output a success. We released a list of use cases that we explored in some capacity at Disney, and our input on blockchain standardization as part of our participation in the W3C Blockchain Community Group.
https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-blockchain/2016May/0052.html

Open Source

In 2016, Roets proposed to release the platform as open source to spread the technology outside of Disney, as others within the W3C group were interested in the solutions that had been created inside of Disney.
Following a long process, step by step, the team met requirements for release. Among the requirements, the team had to:
  • Obtain VP support and approval for the release
  • Verify ownership of the software to be released
  • Verify that no proprietary content would be released
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to the open source community
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to Disney
  • Offer the plan for ongoing maintenance of the project outside of Disney
  • Itemize competing projects
  • Verify no conflict of interest
  • Preferred license
  • Change the project name to not use the name Disney, any Disney character, or any other associated IP - proposed Dragonchain - approved
  • Obtain legal approval
  • Approval from corporate, parks, and other business units
  • Approval from multiple Disney patent groups Copyright holder defined by Disney (Disney Connected and Advanced Technologies)
  • Trademark searches conducted for the selected name Dragonchain
  • Obtain IT security approval
  • Manual review of OSS components conducted
  • OWASP Dependency and Vulnerability Check Conducted
  • Obtain technical (software) approval
  • Offer management, process, and financial plans for the maintenance of the project.
  • Meet list of items to be addressed before release
  • Remove all Disney project references and scripts
  • Create a public distribution list for email communications
  • Remove Roets’ direct and internal contact information
  • Create public Slack channel and move from Disney slack channels
  • Create proper labels for issue tracking
  • Rename internal private Github repository
  • Add informative description to Github page
  • Expand README.md with more specific information
  • Add information beyond current “Blockchains are Magic”
  • Add getting started sections and info on cloning/forking the project
  • Add installation details
  • Add uninstall process
  • Add unit, functional, and integration test information
  • Detail how to contribute and get involved
  • Describe the git workflow that the project will use
  • Move to public, non-Disney git repository (Github or Bitbucket)
  • Obtain Disney Open Source Committee approval for release
On top of meeting the above criteria, as part of the process, the maintainer of the project had to receive the codebase on their own personal email and create accounts for maintenance (e.g. Github) with non-Disney accounts. Given the fact that the project spanned multiple business units, Roets was individually responsible for its ongoing maintenance. Because of this, he proposed in the open source application to create a non-profit organization to hold the IP and maintain the project. This was approved by Disney.
The Disney Open Source Committee approved the application known as OSSRELEASE-10, and the code was released on October 2, 2016. Disney decided to not issue a press release.
Original OSSRELASE-10 document

Dragonchain Foundation

The Dragonchain Foundation was created on January 17, 2017. https://den.social/l/Dragonchain/24130078352e485d96d2125082151cf0/dragonchain-and-disney/
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Want to know why NEM should be as popular as Ethereum? this will be bigger than any altcoins you see, here's why

Want to know why NEM should be as popular as Ethereum? this will be bigger than any altcoins you see, here's why

Altcoin Explorer: NEM (XEM), the Enterprise-Grade Blockchain Platform


https://preview.redd.it/5ogfihikwkg51.png?width=1300&format=png&auto=webp&s=099780e02777d16d4e2add64b249c46da1cd488b
Nestled among the top 40 cryptocurrencies by reported market cap, New Economy Movement — popularly known as NEM (XEM) – is a peer-to-peer (P2P), dual-layer blockchain smart contract platform written in one of the most influential programming languages, Java. NEM uses the proof-of-importance (POI) consensus algorithm that essentially values the tokens held and the activity conducted by the nodes on the blockchain network.
In this Altcoin Explorer, BTCManager delves deeper into the finer intricacies of the NEM blockchain protocol, including the project’s POI consensus algorithm, its native digital token XEM, and some of its real-world use-cases.
Without further ado, let’s get to the core of this high-performance distributed ledger technology (DLT) platform.

History of NEM

NEM was launched on March 31, 2015, with an aim to develop an enterprise-grade blockchain protocol that could circumvent the infamous trilemma of blockchain: scalability, speed, and privacy.
Operated by a Gibraltar-registered NEM Group, NEM is a fork-out version of the NXT blockchain. After the successful fork, the NEM community decided to build its ecosystem from the ground up and developed its own codebase to make the network more scalable and faster.
NEM’s insistence toward building its own tech infrastructure led to a DLT protocol that is unlike anything resembling other similar platforms.
Today, NEM ranks among the top go-to blockchain platforms for enterprises across the world, rivaling competing protocols including Ethereum (ETH), and TRON (TRX), among others.

NEM’s Proof-of-Importance (POI) Algorithm

Unlike Bitcoin’s (BTC) energy-intensive Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Ethereum’s yet-to-be-implemented Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus algorithm, NEM uses PoI consensus mechanism.
The PoI mechanism achieves consensus by incentivizing active user participation in the NEM network. This consensus infrastructure ensures an agile decentralized network by rewarding well-behaved nodes that not only possess a significant stake in the network but are also actively engaged in executing transactions to maintain the network’s robustness.
Specifically, each node in the network possesses an ‘Importance Score’ that impacts the number of times the said node can ‘Harvest’ the XEM altcoin.
Initially, when a user puts XEM tokens into their wallet, they are called ‘unvested coins.’ Over time, as the wallets start accumulating an increasing number of XEM and contribute to the network’s transaction volume, they start collecting importance scores. At the same time, the XEM tokens in these wallets change into ‘vested coins,’ provided that there are at least 10000 tokens in the wallet.
To put things into perspective, let’s take the help of a small example.
On day 1, Joe receives 50,000 XEM in his digital wallet. Now, with each passing day, the NEM network will ‘vest’ 10 percent of the tokens held by Joe. So, on day 2, 5,000 tokens held by Joe are vested into the network. On day 3, 10 percent of the remaining tokens – 15,000 XEM – get vested into the network, leaving Joe with 13,500 XEM, and so one. After a couple of days, Joe sees that the number of XEM vested by him has crossed the 10,000 coins threshold, thereby, making him eligible to seek rewards from the NEM blockchain for his contribution to vesting his tokens.
Close followers of blockchain projects would find the aforementioned network reward mechanism bear a close resemblance to the PoS consensus algorithm. However, it’s worthy of note that vesting coins is just one way of calculating a node’s importance score.
The NEM protocol also rewards nodes that are responsible for most activity on the network. In essence, this means that the higher the number of transactions executed by a node, the more likely it is to gain higher importance points. The balance between vesting XEM and network activity is an important metric to be maintained by NEM nodes as it directly impacts their likelihood of harvesting XEM.
NEM’s consensus algorithm does away with several issues plaguing the more energy-intensive protocols such as PoW. For instance, PoI does not necessarily require high-energy hardware to run the nodes. The decentralized nature of the algorithm means that almost any machine — irrespective of its tech configuration – can participate in the NEM ecosystem ensuring it remains decentralized.

NEM’s Native Digital Token — XEM

XEM, unlike the vast majority of other cryptocurrencies, isn’t mined or staked using Pow or PoS algorithms. Rather, as explained earlier, XEM is ‘harvested’ through the PoI algorithm which ensures a steady supply of the digital token without flooding the market and involving the risk of a dramatic crash in price.
Per data on CoinMarketCap, at the time of writing, XEM trades at $0.04 with a market cap of more than $382 million and a 24-hour trading volume of approximately $6.8 million. The coin reached its all-time high of $1.92 in January 2018.
A large number of reputable cryptocurrency exchanges trade XEM, including Binance, Upbit, OKEx, Bithumb, ProBit, among others. The digital token can be easily traded with BTC, ETH, and USDT trading pairs.
That said, if you wish to vest your XEM to partake in the maintenance of the NEM network and earn rewards, it is recommended you store your tokens in the official NEM Nano wallet for desktop and mobile OS. Only XEM tokens held in the official NEM Nano wallet are eligible for vesting.

NEM Use-Cases

To date, NEM has been deployed for various real-world applications with promising results.
In 2018, Ukraine launched a blockchain-based e-voting trial leveraging the NEM DLT platform.
At the time, Ukraine’s Central Election Commission – with the local NEM Foundation representation – estimated the test vote trial in each polling station could cost as low as $1,227. The organization’s Oleksandr Stelmakh lauded the efforts, saying that using a blockchain-powered voting mechanism would make it impossible for anyone to fiddle with the records. The Commission added that the NEM protocol presents information in a more user-friendly format for voters.
In the same year, Malaysia’s Ministry of Education launched an e-scroll system based on the NEM blockchain to tackle the menace of fake degrees. The University Degree Issuance and Verification System use the NEM blockchain which is interrogated upon scanning of a QR code printed on the degree certificate.
The Ministry added that one of the primary reasons for its decision to selected the NEM platform was its unique and cutting-edge features in managing traceability and authentication requirements.
On a recent note, the Bank of Lithuania announced that it would be issuing its NEM blockchain-powered digital collector’s coin (LBCoin) in July after the successful completion of its testing phase.

Final Thoughts

Summing up, NEM offers a wide array of in-house features that separate it from other blockchain projects in a space that is becoming increasingly congested. NEM’s creative PoI consensus algorithm is a fresh take on the PoS algorithm for performance enhancement. Further, the project’s newly launched enterprise-grade DLT solution, Symbol, offers a tremendous option to businesses to help them cut costs, reduce complexities, and streamline innovation.
NEM uses the Java programming language that makes it an easy project for developers to get involved with, unlike other projects such as Ethereum that use platform-specific programming languages like Solidity. The project’s tech infrastructure not only makes it less power-intensive compared to Bitcoin but also more scalable than its rival projects including Ethereum and NEO.
NEM’s tagline, “Smart Asset Blockchain, Built for Performance,” perfectly captures everything the project has to offer. Over the years, NEM’s active developer community has craftily addressed the notorious bottlenecks in the vast majority of blockchain solutions, The future looks promising for NEM as it continues to foster a trustless and blockchain-driven economy for tomorrow.
Source
submitted by charlesgwynne to CryptocurrencyICO [link] [comments]

Want to know why NEM should be as popular as Ethereum? this will be bigger than any altcoins you see, here's why

Want to know why NEM should be as popular as Ethereum? this will be bigger than any altcoins you see, here's why

Altcoin Explorer: NEM (XEM), the Enterprise-Grade Blockchain Platform


https://preview.redd.it/manbawoqvkg51.png?width=1300&format=png&auto=webp&s=fcbae1f067261326f11641bb9b18cd6f57616966
Nestled among the top 40 cryptocurrencies by reported market cap, New Economy Movement — popularly known as NEM (XEM) – is a peer-to-peer (P2P), dual-layer blockchain smart contract platform written in one of the most influential programming languages, Java. NEM uses the proof-of-importance (POI) consensus algorithm that essentially values the tokens held and the activity conducted by the nodes on the blockchain network.
In this Altcoin Explorer, BTCManager delves deeper into the finer intricacies of the NEM blockchain protocol, including the project’s POI consensus algorithm, its native digital token XEM, and some of its real-world use-cases.
Without further ado, let’s get to the core of this high-performance distributed ledger technology (DLT) platform.

History of NEM

NEM was launched on March 31, 2015, with an aim to develop an enterprise-grade blockchain protocol that could circumvent the infamous trilemma of blockchain: scalability, speed, and privacy.
Operated by a Gibraltar-registered NEM Group, NEM is a fork-out version of the NXT blockchain. After the successful fork, the NEM community decided to build its ecosystem from the ground up and developed its own codebase to make the network more scalable and faster.
NEM’s insistence toward building its own tech infrastructure led to a DLT protocol that is unlike anything resembling other similar platforms.
Today, NEM ranks among the top go-to blockchain platforms for enterprises across the world, rivaling competing protocols including Ethereum (ETH), and TRON (TRX), among others.

NEM’s Proof-of-Importance (POI) Algorithm

Unlike Bitcoin’s (BTC) energy-intensive Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Ethereum’s yet-to-be-implemented Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus algorithm, NEM uses PoI consensus mechanism.
The PoI mechanism achieves consensus by incentivizing active user participation in the NEM network. This consensus infrastructure ensures an agile decentralized network by rewarding well-behaved nodes that not only possess a significant stake in the network but are also actively engaged in executing transactions to maintain the network’s robustness.
Specifically, each node in the network possesses an ‘Importance Score’ that impacts the number of times the said node can ‘Harvest’ the XEM altcoin.
Initially, when a user puts XEM tokens into their wallet, they are called ‘unvested coins.’ Over time, as the wallets start accumulating an increasing number of XEM and contribute to the network’s transaction volume, they start collecting importance scores. At the same time, the XEM tokens in these wallets change into ‘vested coins,’ provided that there are at least 10000 tokens in the wallet.
To put things into perspective, let’s take the help of a small example.
On day 1, Joe receives 50,000 XEM in his digital wallet. Now, with each passing day, the NEM network will ‘vest’ 10 percent of the tokens held by Joe. So, on day 2, 5,000 tokens held by Joe are vested into the network. On day 3, 10 percent of the remaining tokens – 15,000 XEM – get vested into the network, leaving Joe with 13,500 XEM, and so one. After a couple of days, Joe sees that the number of XEM vested by him has crossed the 10,000 coins threshold, thereby, making him eligible to seek rewards from the NEM blockchain for his contribution to vesting his tokens.
Close followers of blockchain projects would find the aforementioned network reward mechanism bear a close resemblance to the PoS consensus algorithm. However, it’s worthy of note that vesting coins is just one way of calculating a node’s importance score.
The NEM protocol also rewards nodes that are responsible for most activity on the network. In essence, this means that the higher the number of transactions executed by a node, the more likely it is to gain higher importance points. The balance between vesting XEM and network activity is an important metric to be maintained by NEM nodes as it directly impacts their likelihood of harvesting XEM.
NEM’s consensus algorithm does away with several issues plaguing the more energy-intensive protocols such as PoW. For instance, PoI does not necessarily require high-energy hardware to run the nodes. The decentralized nature of the algorithm means that almost any machine — irrespective of its tech configuration – can participate in the NEM ecosystem ensuring it remains decentralized.

NEM’s Native Digital Token — XEM

XEM, unlike the vast majority of other cryptocurrencies, isn’t mined or staked using Pow or PoS algorithms. Rather, as explained earlier, XEM is ‘harvested’ through the PoI algorithm which ensures a steady supply of the digital token without flooding the market and involving the risk of a dramatic crash in price.
Per data on CoinMarketCap, at the time of writing, XEM trades at $0.04 with a market cap of more than $382 million and a 24-hour trading volume of approximately $6.8 million. The coin reached its all-time high of $1.92 in January 2018.
A large number of reputable cryptocurrency exchanges trade XEM, including Binance, Upbit, OKEx, Bithumb, ProBit, among others. The digital token can be easily traded with BTC, ETH, and USDT trading pairs.
That said, if you wish to vest your XEM to partake in the maintenance of the NEM network and earn rewards, it is recommended you store your tokens in the official NEM Nano wallet for desktop and mobile OS. Only XEM tokens held in the official NEM Nano wallet are eligible for vesting.

NEM Use-Cases

To date, NEM has been deployed for various real-world applications with promising results.
In 2018, Ukraine launched a blockchain-based e-voting trial leveraging the NEM DLT platform.
At the time, Ukraine’s Central Election Commission – with the local NEM Foundation representation – estimated the test vote trial in each polling station could cost as low as $1,227. The organization’s Oleksandr Stelmakh lauded the efforts, saying that using a blockchain-powered voting mechanism would make it impossible for anyone to fiddle with the records. The Commission added that the NEM protocol presents information in a more user-friendly format for voters.
In the same year, Malaysia’s Ministry of Education launched an e-scroll system based on the NEM blockchain to tackle the menace of fake degrees. The University Degree Issuance and Verification System use the NEM blockchain which is interrogated upon scanning of a QR code printed on the degree certificate.
The Ministry added that one of the primary reasons for its decision to selected the NEM platform was its unique and cutting-edge features in managing traceability and authentication requirements.
On a recent note, the Bank of Lithuania announced that it would be issuing its NEM blockchain-powered digital collector’s coin (LBCoin) in July after the successful completion of its testing phase.

Final Thoughts

Summing up, NEM offers a wide array of in-house features that separate it from other blockchain projects in a space that is becoming increasingly congested. NEM’s creative PoI consensus algorithm is a fresh take on the PoS algorithm for performance enhancement. Further, the project’s newly launched enterprise-grade DLT solution, Symbol, offers a tremendous option to businesses to help them cut costs, reduce complexities, and streamline innovation.
NEM uses the Java programming language that makes it an easy project for developers to get involved with, unlike other projects such as Ethereum that use platform-specific programming languages like Solidity. The project’s tech infrastructure not only makes it less power-intensive compared to Bitcoin but also more scalable than its rival projects including Ethereum and NEO.
NEM’s tagline, “Smart Asset Blockchain, Built for Performance,” perfectly captures everything the project has to offer. Over the years, NEM’s active developer community has craftily addressed the notorious bottlenecks in the vast majority of blockchain solutions, The future looks promising for NEM as it continues to foster a trustless and blockchain-driven economy for tomorrow.
Source
submitted by charlesgwynne to ico [link] [comments]

Altcoin Explorer: NEM (XEM), the Enterprise-Grade Blockchain Platform

Altcoin Explorer: NEM (XEM), the Enterprise-Grade Blockchain Platform

https://preview.redd.it/f82bxncaxkg51.png?width=1300&format=png&auto=webp&s=34afde717d1781f7e472c8dcacd18a8b9390a78d
Nestled among the top 40 cryptocurrencies by reported market cap, New Economy Movement — popularly known as NEM (XEM) – is a peer-to-peer (P2P), dual-layer blockchain smart contract platform written in one of the most influential programming languages, Java. NEM uses the proof-of-importance (POI) consensus algorithm that essentially values the tokens held and the activity conducted by the nodes on the blockchain network.
In this Altcoin Explorer, BTCManager delves deeper into the finer intricacies of the NEM blockchain protocol, including the project’s POI consensus algorithm, its native digital token XEM, and some of its real-world use-cases.
Without further ado, let’s get to the core of this high-performance distributed ledger technology (DLT) platform.

History of NEM

NEM was launched on March 31, 2015, with an aim to develop an enterprise-grade blockchain protocol that could circumvent the infamous trilemma of blockchain: scalability, speed, and privacy.
Operated by a Gibraltar-registered NEM Group, NEM is a fork-out version of the NXT blockchain. After the successful fork, the NEM community decided to build its ecosystem from the ground up and developed its own codebase to make the network more scalable and faster.
NEM’s insistence toward building its own tech infrastructure led to a DLT protocol that is unlike anything resembling other similar platforms.
Today, NEM ranks among the top go-to blockchain platforms for enterprises across the world, rivaling competing protocols including Ethereum (ETH), and TRON (TRX), among others.

NEM’s Proof-of-Importance (POI) Algorithm

Unlike Bitcoin’s (BTC) energy-intensive Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Ethereum’s yet-to-be-implemented Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus algorithm, NEM uses PoI consensus mechanism.
The PoI mechanism achieves consensus by incentivizing active user participation in the NEM network. This consensus infrastructure ensures an agile decentralized network by rewarding well-behaved nodes that not only possess a significant stake in the network but are also actively engaged in executing transactions to maintain the network’s robustness.
Specifically, each node in the network possesses an ‘Importance Score’ that impacts the number of times the said node can ‘Harvest’ the XEM altcoin.
Initially, when a user puts XEM tokens into their wallet, they are called ‘unvested coins.’ Over time, as the wallets start accumulating an increasing number of XEM and contribute to the network’s transaction volume, they start collecting importance scores. At the same time, the XEM tokens in these wallets change into ‘vested coins,’ provided that there are at least 10000 tokens in the wallet.
To put things into perspective, let’s take the help of a small example.
On day 1, Joe receives 50,000 XEM in his digital wallet. Now, with each passing day, the NEM network will ‘vest’ 10 percent of the tokens held by Joe. So, on day 2, 5,000 tokens held by Joe are vested into the network. On day 3, 10 percent of the remaining tokens – 15,000 XEM – get vested into the network, leaving Joe with 13,500 XEM, and so one. After a couple of days, Joe sees that the number of XEM vested by him has crossed the 10,000 coins threshold, thereby, making him eligible to seek rewards from the NEM blockchain for his contribution to vesting his tokens.
Close followers of blockchain projects would find the aforementioned network reward mechanism bear a close resemblance to the PoS consensus algorithm. However, it’s worthy of note that vesting coins is just one way of calculating a node’s importance score.
The NEM protocol also rewards nodes that are responsible for most activity on the network. In essence, this means that the higher the number of transactions executed by a node, the more likely it is to gain higher importance points. The balance between vesting XEM and network activity is an important metric to be maintained by NEM nodes as it directly impacts their likelihood of harvesting XEM.
NEM’s consensus algorithm does away with several issues plaguing the more energy-intensive protocols such as PoW. For instance, PoI does not necessarily require high-energy hardware to run the nodes. The decentralized nature of the algorithm means that almost any machine — irrespective of its tech configuration – can participate in the NEM ecosystem ensuring it remains decentralized.

NEM’s Native Digital Token — XEM

XEM, unlike the vast majority of other cryptocurrencies, isn’t mined or staked using Pow or PoS algorithms. Rather, as explained earlier, XEM is ‘harvested’ through the PoI algorithm which ensures a steady supply of the digital token without flooding the market and involving the risk of a dramatic crash in price.
Per data on CoinMarketCap, at the time of writing, XEM trades at $0.04 with a market cap of more than $382 million and a 24-hour trading volume of approximately $6.8 million. The coin reached its all-time high of $1.92 in January 2018.
A large number of reputable cryptocurrency exchanges trade XEM, including Binance, Upbit, OKEx, Bithumb, ProBit, among others. The digital token can be easily traded with BTC, ETH, and USDT trading pairs.
That said, if you wish to vest your XEM to partake in the maintenance of the NEM network and earn rewards, it is recommended you store your tokens in the official NEM Nano wallet for desktop and mobile OS. Only XEM tokens held in the official NEM Nano wallet are eligible for vesting.

NEM Use-Cases

To date, NEM has been deployed for various real-world applications with promising results.
In 2018, Ukraine launched a blockchain-based e-voting trial leveraging the NEM DLT platform.
At the time, Ukraine’s Central Election Commission – with the local NEM Foundation representation – estimated the test vote trial in each polling station could cost as low as $1,227. The organization’s Oleksandr Stelmakh lauded the efforts, saying that using a blockchain-powered voting mechanism would make it impossible for anyone to fiddle with the records. The Commission added that the NEM protocol presents information in a more user-friendly format for voters.
In the same year, Malaysia’s Ministry of Education launched an e-scroll system based on the NEM blockchain to tackle the menace of fake degrees. The University Degree Issuance and Verification System use the NEM blockchain which is interrogated upon scanning of a QR code printed on the degree certificate.
The Ministry added that one of the primary reasons for its decision to selected the NEM platform was its unique and cutting-edge features in managing traceability and authentication requirements.
On a recent note, the Bank of Lithuania announced that it would be issuing its NEM blockchain-powered digital collector’s coin (LBCoin) in July after the successful completion of its testing phase.

Final Thoughts

Summing up, NEM offers a wide array of in-house features that separate it from other blockchain projects in a space that is becoming increasingly congested. NEM’s creative PoI consensus algorithm is a fresh take on the PoS algorithm for performance enhancement. Further, the project’s newly launched enterprise-grade DLT solution, Symbol, offers a tremendous option to businesses to help them cut costs, reduce complexities, and streamline innovation.
NEM uses the Java programming language that makes it an easy project for developers to get involved with, unlike other projects such as Ethereum that use platform-specific programming languages like Solidity. The project’s tech infrastructure not only makes it less power-intensive compared to Bitcoin but also more scalable than its rival projects including Ethereum and NEO.
NEM’s tagline, “Smart Asset Blockchain, Built for Performance,” perfectly captures everything the project has to offer. Over the years, NEM’s active developer community has craftily addressed the notorious bottlenecks in the vast majority of blockchain solutions, The future looks promising for NEM as it continues to foster a trustless and blockchain-driven economy for tomorrow.
Source
submitted by charlesgwynne to BlockchainStartups [link] [comments]

From Platform-based Token to the Public Chain, Will CoinEx Embrace a Paradigm Shift?

From Platform-based Token to the Public Chain, Will CoinEx Embrace a Paradigm Shift?
The platform-based tokens shine in 2019, but such prosperity does not cover the disadvantage of their single use. How to find new application scenarios in addition to repurchase and destruction, and transaction fee deduction? The answer given by Binance is to expand the ecosystem of the public chain and develop the platform token into a public-chain token in a broader sense like ETH.
Not long ago, CoinEx announced its plan to launch a public chain. The CET will not just be a token listed on the platform, but also the basic token in the ecosystem of public chains. Unlike the Binance Chain whose partners serve as its nodes, CoinEx Chain chooses nodes according to the votes of ordinary users. Obviously, this is another paradigm shift for the platform-based tokens to expand the application scenarios.
CoinEx Chain is a public chain created by CoinEx’s professional blockchain underlying R&D team for DEX. Different from other DEXs, CoinEx uses three public chains: DEX public chain, Smart public chain and Privacy public chain, three of which parallel each other. They focus on transactions, smart contracts, and privacy respectively, and interoperate through “IBC protocols”.
How to get involved in CoinEx Chain’s ecosystem? A detailed interpretation of the CoinEx DEX’s public-chain node recruitment is provided below.
How to participate in the CET nodes election?
CoinEx’s nodes election rules are simple: Any holder who stakes at least 5 million CET on the chain is qualified, and the first 42 spots in the rankings will automatically be valid validators entitled to the right to generate a block and share proceeds. It should be noted that the process of electing a node is continuous and each block will be ranked.
Responsibilities of validators include preventing double signing and DDos attacks, being online all the time, upgrading nodes and configuration, building the private key storage architecture, and participating in community governance. Besides, there are server hardware requirements for running a node as below:
https://preview.redd.it/qhqk6uliftt31.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=02addf13f8d9e619b70ba75e3a6eef2f1313e6f9
After the mainnet is online (expected in early November), the CET withdrawn from CoinEx can be staked on the chain. Once completed, the staking can be canceled at any time, but it takes 21 days for the CET to return to the account.
Private investors holding less than 5 million CET will be entitled to the voting power in the election of validators and receive bonus as rewards.
How are the returns on being a CET validator?
With a study on CoinEx’s node return model, you may find returns on validators mainly come from two parts, respectively, the block reward and transaction fee.
The transaction fee includes the gas fee in the usual sense and the function fee. Relevant gas fees will be charged for any transaction initiated on the chain, and the corresponding function fee will be charged for special operations on the DEX chain. For example, equivalent to a DEX broker, a node will charge users for such operations as order matching, token issuing, trading pairs creating, automated market making with Bancor and address alias setting.
In terms of block rewards, the CoinEx Foundation will provide a total of 315 million CET for five consecutive years. To be specific, it will send out about 105 million CET in the first year and 10 CET for block rewards. Similar to the bitcoin design, block rewards will gradually decrease over time, yet at various levels of frequency. Every year 2 CET will be deducted from the reward for each block.
https://preview.redd.it/tmocf00lftt31.png?width=1566&format=png&auto=webp&s=e68bed2c3513e4665a2101229a0d781ff31f53f5
The basic data of CoinEx is shown in the figure below. According to this condition, the estimated annual income of transaction fee for CoinEx’s validators comes at around 38 million CET, and, if calculated at 50% for the staking rate of the whole network, the annualized rate of return for CoinEx’s validators is 10%.
That is to say, in a case of successful re-election of CoinEx’s validators, the basic token-standard return rate will be around 10% for the first year. This figure will be higher due to the relatively small total stakes in the beginning.
How to calculate the actual income of the year?
Here we’ve summarized a calculation formula where numbers can be quickly inserted for your reference. Suppose the total stakes on a node are a, p% of which is the CET staked by the node itself and q% of which is CET entrusted to be staked by retail traders, the total stakes of the whole network are b, the actual returns distributed by the whole network are c, and the commission ratio of the node is k, then the actual income of the validator for the year is ac(p%+kq%)/b.
For example. Suppose the total stakes at a node are 10 million CET, including 8 million CET staked by the node itself and 2 million CET staked by ordinary CET holders and the commission ratio of the node is 10%. Calculated with the total stakes of the whole network being 1 billion CET and the actual returns distributed being 150 million CET, the actual income of the validator for the year is 1.23 million CET. In such conditions, the annualized rate of return for CET is around 15.3%.
So we can see that the actual income of the CoinEx’s validators can be divided into two parts in terms of asset ownership: incomes from CET staked by the node itself and commissions from CET staked by ordinary holders.
https://preview.redd.it/4ghx0sloftt31.png?width=634&format=png&auto=webp&s=7b8df5a18cc8033c77473017cee7182f1c080c8b
In other words, if a validator can keep the CET public chain in safety, contribute to the development of CoinEx’s ecosystem, and help it gain more attention and favor from ordinary users, it can receive an annualized income that is higher than the basic staking income. Retail users may stake their CET on more professional and responsible nodes, as well as sharing the dividends of the node and the CET public chain.
In the nodes election, the Matthew effect has always been a topic of criticism. So will ordinary token holders drive the centralization of validators according to CoinEx’s rules? The answer is no. Yet just as in the case with all other PoS models, inevitable is moderate centralization, or in other words, the trade-off between decentralization and centralization. That is because, at least mathematically, the annual income from CET staked by retail traders on different validators relies on k, which is the commission ratio of the node, with a and q% of retail traders holding the same amount of CET remaining the same. That is to say, in terms of economic efficiency alone, the income of the retail trader’ votes for different nodes does not depend on the scale, but on the proportion of transaction fee and more implicit reasons such as the security and reliability (or reputation) of a node.
There are many other public chains adopting the “Supernodes” election, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of CoinEx?
There are many public chains adopting such “Supernodes” election mechanism, among which EOS and IOST are best known. So what are the similarities and differences in the nodes election between CoinEx and its counterparts?
From the perspective of the nodes election, IOST needs 2.1 million votes (one vote for one token). According to the price of 0.0044 US dollars when this document is published, it costs at least USD 9,300, a really low threshold. Blocks.io shows that EOS now requires about 290 million votes (30 votes for one token) for the top 21 supernodes. According to EOS REX’s data, if a consortium without a user base wants to get a block-generating right by renting tokens, it will cost around USD 2.55 million a year, approximately RMB 18 million. By contrast, the threshold for a CoinEx Chain’s node is only 5 million CET, a moderate cost of USD 100,000 approximately estimated at USD 0.02.
In terms of hardware, according to the hardware configuration mentioned above, it costs USD 1,000 per year. The estimated operating cost of AWS for t3.xlarge is USD 1,458 per year, and one master with a backup costs only USD 2,916 a year. (The specific data will change slightly in practice.) Take the recommended server for running a node when EOS officially announced its node election. It uses Amazon AWS EC2 host x1.32x Large, with 128-core processor, 2TB memory, 2x1920GB SSD storage space and 25Gb network bandwidth. The operating cost of such a server, with one master and one backup, is: 13.338*24*2 = USD 640 a day. (The bandwidth cost allocated to the day is negligible.) It is thus obvious that CoinEx costs less, avoiding the waste arising from servers such as EOS and thus eliminating the intangible cost.
From the number of nodes, CoinEx Chain has 42 validators, EOS has 21 block-generating nodes per round, and IOST has 63. CoinEx Chain stays in the middle of the decentralization-and-efficiency trade-offs. In addition, the estimated hardware cost of the CET node election is USD 1,000 a year, which is relatively low.
Overall, CoinEx Chain’s nodes election is designed in a reasonable way, which is destined to be a milestone for CoinEx. Once “trade-driven mining” at CoinEx and it has even gone through “repurchase and destruction”. Now it targets the DEX public chain, which is deemed as a paradigm shift that lifts CET out of the pattern of being platform-based tokens. Let’s look forward to its future development.
Follow CoinEx Chain on Social Channels:
Twitter: https://twitter.com/CoinExChain
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CoinExChainOfficial/
Telegram: https://t.me/CoinExChainOrg
submitted by CoinExcom to Coinex [link] [comments]

What Is WolfpackBot?

WolfpackBOT is an advanced cryptocurrency trading BOT that executes trades securely by using the advanced trading algorithms, the “Werewolf” Trading Analysis configurations, and customized settings based on each user’s unique trading style.
The trading Bot will also provide users with trading access to the major cryptocurrency exchanges and the most profitable trading pairs, all from one Bot subscription. The Bot integrates with a built-in secure Hardware Wallet combined with a RFID card reader for crypto to FIAT conversions.
Additionally, WolfpackBOT is integrated with Wolvex Exchange that will use the Wolfcoin token as the base currency, Wolfpack Consulting, Wolfpack Mining, and Wolfpack Philanthropy with the aim of empowering customers, shareholders, and stakeholders to achieve sustainable wealth through cryptocurrency trading.

WolfpackBOT Features, Products, And Service

Multiple Technical Analysis Indicators:

The WolfpackBOT trading system provides the world of Automated Cryptocurrency Trading Bots with Multiple Technical Analysis indicators, oscillators, configurations, and settings.

Shorting Features:

The trading system has shorting features that enable users to maximize their profits through shorting their positions and buying them back at the lowest prices in the market.

Patented And Trademarked Crash Protection:

This feature enables users to automatically scan and convert all positions to USDT and then buy them back to base currency to resume trading under the signal of the Hidden Bull Divergence Indicator.

Coin Selector:

Users can select whether to trade all their cryptocurrencies or not trade at all. It will also enable them to view coins or tokens that have high trading volumes, their performance, and volatility.
READ Instant Access Medical (IAM Token): Blockchain Healthcare Project?

Werewolf Ultimate:

This feature does not trade a particular trading pair or coin but trades all of them to provide the users with maximum profits.

WolfpackBOT Trading Settings And Reports:

The trade setting enables users to automatically trade through features like one-minute candles, market orders, and Hybrid orders. The Trading report highlights the users trading history, which can be exported to a CSV file.

WolfpackBot Cryptocurrency Trading Bot System Benefits

All Trading Pairs On All Major Exchanges

Users of WolfpackBOT can simultaneously trade with major exchanges such as BitMEX, Binance, Bittrex, KuCoin, Poloniex, and Wolvex Exchanges using multiple trading pairs.

Werewolf Configurations And Settings

These configurations and settings are suited for both amateur and expert traders since they can be adjusted with preset configurations for bear, sideways, and bull markets and to the current trends in the market.

Bull And Bear Market

The WereWolf settings are optimized for conditions that could be used in Bull Markets, Sideways markets, and Bear markets.

WolfpackBOT Help Center

Users can access the WolfpackBOT Help Center to learn about options, features, and abilities that are contained in the WolfpackBOT Trading Software.

Multiple Languages

Wolfpack BOT is compatible with multiple languages like Dutch, English, French, German, and Spanish; therefore, users can switch up the language of the entire BOT by simply clicking on the World Language Globe icon.

WolfpackBot WOLF Token ICO Details

Parameters Of The ICO

https://www.wolfpackbot.com/
https://www.wolfpackbot.com/Pdf/whitepaper_en.pdf
Bounty0x ID: chemist32
submitted by kadirbaysal to ICOAnalysis [link] [comments]

Wolfpack BOT and Wolfcoin

https://preview.redd.it/ue39mska97d21.jpg?width=280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=27b456fa60d9ec4b010fd8546a9969aef336537a
WolfpackBOT is revolutionizing the world of Cryptocurrency Trading Bots using Proof of Work Blockchain technology. WolfpackBOT has WolfpackBOT Trading Software, an optional Hardware Console for its WolfpackBOT trading software and removable Hardware Wallet, it’s called the WolfBOX. The platform has integrated Bitpay and Coinbase wallets.
Wolfcoin is based on a decentralized ledger of all transactions, known as blockchain. The consensus mechanism is Proof-of-Work (PoW). But Wolfcoin works differently than Bitcoin because it has two-tier network where second tier is powered by masternodes (Full Nodes). Masternodes enables Private and Instant Send, and decentralized governance.

WolfpackBOT’s Automated Trading Software

WolfpackBOT is a highly advanced cryptocurrency trading software that allows for the execution of trades at lightning speed using proprietary trading algorithms, proprietary “Werewolf” Trading Analysis configurations, or user customized settings based on personal trading style. WolfpackBOT also allows for simultaneous trading access to all compatible cryptocurrency exchanges that are available to the bot. It allows all trading pairs with the WerewolfBOT subscription package. There are three different subscription packages that are allowing different options of trading.
These are:
Platform is already in Beta testing stage.

WolfpackBOT Trading Software OS

WolfpackBOT Trading Software can be installed on your computer (Desktop/Laptop) or on a Virtual Private Server (VPS). WolfpackBOT Trading Software also comes pre-installed on project’s Hardware Console that connects directly to the internet.
WolfpackBOT allows customers to simultaneously trade on BitMEX, Binance, Bittrex, KuCoin, and Poloniex, with all the exchange’s trading pairs available for trading. More Exchanges will be added.
WolfpackBOT offers the widest array of Multiple Technical Analysis indicators, oscillators, configurations and settings available in the world of Automated Cryptocurrency Trading Bots. WolfpackBOT provides Bollinger Bands, Double EMA, Elliot Wave, EMA, EMA Cross, Fibonacci Sequence, KAMA, MA Cross, MACD, RSI, SMA, Stochastic, Stochastic RSI, Triple EMA, and many more.

The WolfBOX Hardware Console

WolfpackBOT is introducing an industry first automated cryptocurrency trading console. This efficient and sleek piece of hardware will conveniently allow for the full utilization of a bot subscription without a need for a VPS or dedicated computer.
When it comes to Cryptocurrencies it’s all about the hardware and wallets. WolfpackBOT has an optional Hardware Console for its WolfpackBOT trading software and removable Hardware Wallet, it’s called the WolfBOX. WolfpackBOT Trading Software and the removable Hardware Wallet are preinstalled on our WolfBOX which uses the most advanced hardware options currently available. Some of the key features of WolfBOX Hardware Console include high speed CPU, solid-state hard drive, built-in RFID Reader, and integrated Bitpay and Coinbase wallets.

Coin specification

Name: Wolfcoin Ticker: WOLF Coin standard: Proof of Work (PoW) Block time: 60 second block time Algorithm: X11 hashing Dark Gravity Wave difficulty adjustment CPU/GPU/ASIC mining available Max (Theoretical) supply: 1 Billion WOLF (by 2068) Pre-mined: 300,000,000 WOLF (Genesis block mined on December 21, 2018) Block reward: halving activates at every 400,000 Blocks by 50% MN collateral: 10 000 WOLF Reward distribution: 80% Masternodes / 20% Proof of Work

Website: https://www.wolfpackbot.com/
Whitepaper: https://www.wolfpackbot.com/Pdf/whitepaper_en.pdf
Bounty0x ID: ecamli

submitted by ecamli to Crypto_General [link] [comments]

The WolfpackBOT Project

Since advent of Blockchain Technology with Bitcoin been the first tradable cryptocurrency that has been acceptable as means of exchange between traders (buyers and sellers), at least Bitcoin was first used to purchase pizza in the physical. Various exchanges sprout up offering good trading experiences but many investors/traders are novice/newbie in using these exchanges to their full potentials, thus the need for a way out for the investors/traders.
In attempt to help traders as well as investors trade effectively on exchanges and not by any chance miss a goo time to sell off their assets, WolfpackBOT was born.
WHAT IS WOLFPACKBOT?
WolfpackBOT is a high Tech BOT designed to securely trade cryprocurrencies on behalf of traders through highly and distinctively developed trading algorithms, configuration of "Werewolf" Trading Analysis as well as a unique settings according to the user's trading pattern.
The BOT is designed in such a way that it expose users to various exchanges with emphasises on the mostly traded cryptocurrency exchanges with high liquidity as well as most profit oriented. Bitcoin and Ethereum been the most commonly paired cryptocurrencies, the BOT offers these services from just a single subscription. The BOT is also securely integrated with an inbuilt hardware wallet in conjunction with RFID card reader to ensure secure and transparent cryptocurrency-to-Fiat exchanges.
The WolfpackBOT is designed with a peculiar feature to aid users in shortening their assets. The shorting feature will permit traders to make sell off their assets at the top price in order to maximize profit then buy back same asset at much more reduced price.
Wolvex Exchange been the platform of the project, has WolfpackBOT integrated on the exchange to ease stress and provide a revolutionise trading experiences. With the sole purpose of empowering stakeholders, shareholders as well as customers, Wolfcoin Token, which is parent token of the Wolfpack Conglomerates (Wolfpack Consulting, Wolfpack Mining and Wolfpack Philanthropy) will be used to fuel the exchange in order to ensure wealth sustainability while trading cryptocurrencies.
BENEFITS OF THE WOLFPACKBOT TRADING BOT
👌Multiple Language: To serve the community on a global scale, WolfpackBOT is designed to operate with multi-language. Thus using WolfpackBOT isn't a problem as langauage barrier has been rectified. With just a click on the language globe icon, users can easily switch from one language to another. Available languages on the exchange are Dutch, English, French German as well as Spanish.
👌Werewolf Settings: The settings alongside configurations on the exchange have good user interface such that even an amateur can easily manoeuvre his/her way on the platform. This is made possible with the auto preset configuration that can be adopted in the market trend irrespective of the market situation (bearish or bullish).
👌Help Centre: The exchange is built with a top-notch Help Centre available to all users to adequately get first class information about the platform, it's features, abilities as well as understanding the WolfpackBOT Trading Software.
👌Trading Pairs: As mentioned earlier, WolpackBOT expose users to various exchanges especially the top ten exchanges, the likes of Binance, BitMEX, Bittrex, KuCoin, Poloniex as well as Wolvex Exchanges, to trade effectively, effortlessly and transparently via varioustrading pairs.
You can read more about this great project visiting any of the homepage.
Website: https://www.wolfpackbot.com
Bounty0x Username: Phlaser247
submitted by Phlaser247 to ico [link] [comments]

WolfpackBot ICO (WOLF Token): Cryptocurrency Trading Bot System?

WolfpackBot ICO (WOLF Token): Cryptocurrency Trading Bot System?
https://preview.redd.it/fujzkx4g75921.jpg?width=651&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9f5f8737076bfe1456310980e166c437a28eb86e

What Is WolfpackBot?

WolfpackBOT is an advanced cryptocurrency trading BOT that executes trades securely by using the advanced trading algorithms, the “Werewolf” Trading Analysis configurations, and customized settings based on each user’s unique trading style.
The trading Bot will also provide users with trading access to the major cryptocurrency exchanges and the most profitable trading pairs, all from one Bot subscription. The Bot integrates with a built-in secure Hardware Wallet combined with a RFID card reader for crypto to FIAT conversions.
Additionally, WolfpackBOT is integrated with Wolvex Exchange that will use the Wolfcoin token as the base currency, Wolfpack Consulting, Wolfpack Mining, and Wolfpack Philanthropy with the aim of empowering customers, shareholders, and stakeholders to achieve sustainable wealth through cryptocurrency trading.

WolfpackBOT Features, Products, And Service

Multiple Technical Analysis Indicators:

The WolfpackBOT trading system provides the world of Automated Cryptocurrency Trading Bots with Multiple Technical Analysis indicators, oscillators, configurations, and settings.

Shorting Features:

The trading system has shorting features that enable users to maximize their profits through shorting their positions and buying them back at the lowest prices in the market.

Patented And Trademarked Crash Protection:

This feature enables users to automatically scan and convert all positions to USDT and then buy them back to base currency to resume trading under the signal of the Hidden Bull Divergence Indicator.

Coin Selector:

Users can select whether to trade all their cryptocurrencies or not trade at all. It will also enable them to view coins or tokens that have high trading volumes, their performance, and volatility.

Werewolf Ultimate:

This feature does not trade a particular trading pair or coin but trades all of them to provide the users with maximum profits.

WolfpackBOT Trading Settings And Reports:

The trade setting enables users to automatically trade through features like one-minute candles, market orders, and Hybrid orders. The Trading report highlights the users trading history, which can be exported to a CSV file.

WolfpackBot Cryptocurrency Trading Bot System Benefits

All Trading Pairs On All Major Exchanges

Users of WolfpackBOT can simultaneously trade with major exchanges such as BitMEX, Binance, Bittrex, KuCoin, Poloniex, and Wolvex Exchanges using multiple trading pairs.

Werewolf Configurations And Settings

These configurations and settings are suited for both amateur and expert traders since they can be adjusted with preset configurations for bear, sideways, and bull markets and to the current trends in the market.

Bull And Bear Market

The WereWolf settings are optimized for conditions that could be used in Bull Markets, Sideways markets, and Bear markets.

WolfpackBOT Help Center

Users can access the WolfpackBOT Help Center to learn about options, features, and abilities that are contained in the WolfpackBOT Trading Software.

Multiple Languages

Wolfpack BOT is compatible with multiple languages like Dutch, English, French, German, and Spanish; therefore, users can switch up the language of the entire BOT by simply clicking on the World Language Globe icon.

WolfpackBot WOLF Token ICO Details

Parameters Of The ICO

  • Token: Wolfcoin (WOLF )Token
  • Token protocol: ERC20
  • Token supply during ICO: 1,600,000,000
  • ICO date: Stage 1- December 1st– December 31 2018, Stage 2 – January 1 – January 31 2019
  • Token price: $0.15/ $0.20
  • Accepted currencies: Bitcoin (BTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Dash (DASH), Dogecoin(DOGE), Ethereum Classic (ETC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), and PayPal
Website: https://www.wolfpackbot.com/
Whitepaper: https://www.wolfpackbot.com/Pdf/whitepaper_en.pdf
Bounty0x ID: ecamli
submitted by ecamli to ICOAnalysis [link] [comments]

WolfpackBOT Token

WolfpackBOT is an advanced cryptocurrency trading BOT that executes trades securely by using the advanced trading algorithms, the “Werewolf” Trading Analysis configurations, and customized settings based on each user’s unique trading style.
The trading Bot will also provide users with trading access to the major cryptocurrency exchanges and the most profitable trading pairs, all from one Bot subscription. The Bot integrates with a built-in secure Hardware Wallet combined with a RFID card reader for crypto to FIAT conversions.
Additionally, WolfpackBOT is integrated with Wolvex Exchange that will use the Wolfcoin token as the base currency, Wolfpack Consulting, Wolfpack Mining, and Wolfpack Philanthropy with the aim of empowering customers, shareholders, and stakeholders to achieve sustainable wealth through cryptocurrency trading.
WolfpackBOT Features, Products, And Service
WolfpackBot Cryptocurrency Trading Bot System Benefits
WolfpackBot WOLF Token ICO Details
. . .
Learn more about "WolfpackBot" Token,
Website: https:// www.wolfpackbot.com
Whitepaper: https:// www.wolfpackbot.com/Pdf/whitepaper_en.pdf
Facebook: https:// www.facebook.com/WolfpackBOT/
Medium: https:// www.medium.com/@WolfpackBOT
BNTYOX USER NAME : Sun12
submitted by Signal693 to Crypto_General [link] [comments]

Wolfpack bot.......

About some years ago, one of my friends hailed his belief in Bitcoin and explained how he moved his whole life savings onto a hardware wallet and erudite his private alphanumeric key. He sounded like a character from a Neal Stephenson novel-gritty, daring and irreverent of the world’s established banking systems. While Bitcoin has soared since then and made him a millionaire many times over, the question now is if it will continue to rise in value or if it’s already reached its height.
A digital currency “crypto currency” that has no tangible paper or physical coin representation. Instead, encryption techniques using computers and open source software generate the currency based on mathematical proof, or blockchains. Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin are decentralized: There’s no place like a bank where the currency is held, and a private security key tied to an open source ledger proves who holds the value. As an electronic payment system, cryptocurrencies are instantaneous and have low transaction fees compared to traditional banking systems, which are comparatively slow and have high fees associated.
📷
What Is WolfpackBot?
WolfpackBOT is an advanced cryptocurrency trading BOT that executes trades securely by using the advanced trading algorithms, the “Werewolf” Trading Analysis configurations, and customized settings based on each user’s unique trading style.
The trading Bot will also provide users with trading access to the major cryptocurrency exchanges and the most profitable trading pairs, all from one Bot subscription. The Bot integrates with a built-in secure Hardware Wallet combined with a RFID card reader for crypto to FIAT conversions.
Additionally, WolfpackBOT is integrated with Wolvex Exchange that will use the Wolfcoin token as the base currency, Wolfpack Consulting, Wolfpack Mining, and Wolfpack Philanthropy with the aim of empowering customers, shareholders, and stakeholders to achieve sustainable wealth through cryptocurrency trading.
📷
WolfpackBOT Features, Products, And Service
Multiple Technical Analysis Indicators:
The WolfpackBOT trading system provides the world of Automated Cryptocurrency Trading Bots with Multiple Technical Analysis indicators, oscillators, configurations, and settings.
Shorting Features:
The trading system has to short features that enable users to maximize their profits by shorting their positions and buying them back at the lowest prices in the market.
Patented And Trademarked Crash Protection:
This feature enables users to automatically scan and convert all positions to USDT and then buy them back to base currency to resume trading under the signal of the Hidden Bull Divergence Indicator.
Coin Selector:
Users can select whether to trade all their cryptocurrencies or not trade at all. It will also enable them to view coins or tokens that have high trading volumes, their performance, and volatility.
Werewolf Ultimate:
This feature does not trade a particular trading pair or coin but trades all of them to provide the users with maximum profits.
WolfpackBOT Trading Settings And Reports:
The trade setting enables users to automatically trade through features like one-minute candles, market orders, and Hybrid orders. The Trading report highlights the users trading history, which can be exported to a CSV file.
Various Specialized Examination Markers: WOLFPACKBOT offers the most extensive cluster of various Specialized Examination markers, oscillators, setups and settings accessible in the realm of Computerized Digital money Exchanging Bots. WOLFPACKBOT gives Elliot Wave, Bollinger Groups, Twofold EMA, Stochastic, EMA, Stochastic RSI, EMA Cross, Fibonacci Succession, and some more. Dialect Interpreter: WOLFPACKBOT has a worked in language interpreter that in a split second makes an interpretation of the whole BOT into French, Dutch, English, Spanish or German.
📷
WOLFPACKBOT Automated Exchanging Programming: After the crowdsale, WOLFCOIN will be the restrictive strategy for an installment for WOLFPACKBOT Mechanized Exchanging Programming memberships. Wolfpack Counseling: WOLFPACKBOT offers its administrations and aptitude as Cryptocurrency money and Blockchain Professionals to people and organizations. This company offers counseling services in the fields of blockchain and cryptocurrency money improvement and management. The WolfBOX Equipment Support: WOLFPACKBOT likewise offers an industry initially, that is; delightful equipment reassure, The WolfBOX. The reassure comes preloaded with WOLFPACKBOT automated exchanging programming and furthermore incorporates an inherent secure equipment wallet. A portion of the key highlights of the WolfBOX incorporate into rapid CPU, internal RFID card reader, strong state hard drive, and coordinated Bitpay as well as Coinbase wallets.
📷 COIN ECONOMICS
Coin Name: WOLFCOIN
Coin Symbol: WOLF
Coin Standard: Proof of Work
Coin Algorithm: X11
Genesis Block: 300,000,000
Pre-mined: 30% Distributed in all stages of WOLFPACKBOT Crowdsale
📷
WHY WOLFPACKBOT?
WOFPACKBOT is an exceptional project with a difference set to globally make an impact in the cryptocurrencies trading activities in particular for the betterment of the blockchain ecosystem; that will equal right to all of its users the opportunity to earn more. Feel free to ask your questions relating to the project on the telegram group of WOFPACKBOT, see link below.
WolfpackBot Cryptocurrency Trading Bot System Benefits
All Trading Pairs On All Major Exchanges
Users of WolfpackBOT can simultaneously trade with major exchanges such as BitMEX, Binance, Bittrex, KuCoin, Poloniex, and Wolvex Exchanges using multiple trading pairs.
Werewolf Configurations And Settings
These configurations and settings are suited for both amateur and expert traders since they can be adjusted with preset configurations for bear, sideways, and bull markets and to the current trends in the market.
Bull And Bear Market
The WereWolf settings are optimized for conditions that could be used in Bull Markets, Sideways markets, and Bear markets.
WolfpackBOT Help Center
Users can access the WolfpackBOT Help Center to learn about options, features, and abilities that are contained in the WolfpackBOT Trading Software.
Multiple Languages
Wolfpack BOT is compatible with multiple languages like Dutch, English, French, German, and Spanish; therefore, users can switch up the language of the entire BOT by simply clicking on the World Language Globe icon.
WolfpackBot WOLF Token ICO Details
Parameters Of The ICO
For more enquiries on the WolfpackBot project, make use of these links;
Website = https://www.wolfpackbot.com/
Whitepaper = https://www.wolfpackbot.com/Pdf/whitepaper_en.pdf
Twitter = https://twitter.com/TheWolfpackBOT
Facebook = https://www.facebook.com/WolfpackBOT/
Telegram = https://t.me/WolfpackBOT_Discussion
Medium = https://medium.com/@WolfpackBOT
BOUNTY0X USERNAME = @cryptounique
submitted by 1loveone to u/1loveone [link] [comments]

MinedBlock - Mining As A Service.

MinedBlock - Mining As A Service.

https://preview.redd.it/z9qndkht4vb31.png?width=788&format=png&auto=webp&s=25d1b844389dc51a159ea5f88f126e8febec6e75
MinedBlock offers the opportunity for investors to take advantage of using the resources from a large-scale mining operation, mining multiple crypto assets without the need to buy, configure and maintain expensive mining equipment. Our unique approach to this activity gives you a fully secured and compliant token granting you a share of ownership of the holding company behind the service and not just a ‘random utility token’.
MinedBlock is a Fintech Crypto Mining & Infrastructure Service Provider specialising in transaction processing, or ‘mining’, for crypto currency transactions. The ‘Parent’ company MinedBlock Limited will own all of the assets, infrastructure and operation while the ‘Subsidiary’ company will own the ‘Service’. The reason behind this model is to tokenise equity in the subsidiary while retaining private ownership of all the assets in the parent company. 25% of revenues will be retained by the parent company to be used for ongoing expansion and operational costs. Miners, collectively, provide the backbone infrastructure network for cryptocurrency blockchains, the blockchain provides a single, distributed ledger across multiple ‘nodes’ (specialist mining hardware) which perform the activity of ‘mining’ transactions. The blockchain is a distributed, un-editable database which stores transaction information, crypto wallet* balances and details of minted (newly created) coins. Mining validates those transactions, processes payments and updates them to the distributed ledger in a new block. Each block contains a reward of new cryptocurrency which is awarded to the miner (minted) along with the transaction fees for the processed payments in that block. For example, a miner who mines a new bitcoin block would earn 12.5 Bitcoins plus 0.25** Bitcoin in transaction fees. In the beginning, Bitcoin was a person-to-person (P2P) method of transferring ‘value’ and was mined using generic laptop and desktop computers. Over the last decade; the popularity, use case and validity of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies has grown beyond the ability of most people to stay involved with mining. Whilst the exchange/brokerage side of the crypto ‘industry’ has evolved and firmly established leaders such as Coinbase or Binance, there isn’t really a comparable entity in the mining arena. Bitmain is probably the biggest but they are primarily a hardware manufacturer and don’t focus solely on transaction processing. Their remit is limited to the range of assets that they can mine using the hardware they manufacture and own. During the 2018 ‘crypto bull’ market, many mining companies appeared but failed to properly prepare for the event of a downturn and in the ‘bear’ market in the latter half of 2018 have disappeared. At the point in December 2017 where Bitcoin price peaked at $20,000 the blockchain couldn’t cope with the sheer volume of transactions and the fees were astronomical. Transactions were taking over 2 hours and costing up to $40 in fees. The total crypto market value is still relatively low at the moment, so the opportunity is ripe for MinedBlock to establish ourselves as a company bringing a corporate approach to the crypto mining industry. By establishing ourselves while the crypto market value is lower, we are protecting ourselves and our investors against any potential future downturns.
https://preview.redd.it/kehz0rfw4vb31.png?width=570&format=png&auto=webp&s=79bea7844ee990f4ba24df4b60fbcf2aa2750a44

Advantages

+ Scalable MinedBlock’s service is endlessly scalable, in order to grow the service we simply would install and configure more mining equipment. There isn’t any technical limitation to how big it could get. MinedBlock has the ability to quickly and easily expand into multiple revenue streams including, but not limited to, expansion of the range of mined crypto assets and the ability to host private mining services. + Agile Initially, 40% of our infrastructure will be dedicated to cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin, this will enable the service to flex and switch between the asset being mined allowing us to always target the assets with the best returns based on market demand. The 60% initial allocation to Bitcoin can also be adjusted based on market prices and returns. + Sustainable MinedBlock is focussed on hosting our infrastructure in areas that can provide 100% renewable energy. + Market Immunity Phase 2 of the project, which is out of scope for this round of funding, will be to build our own renewable energy sources to offset electricity costs, the primary ongoing cost factor, thus enabling continuous revenue production regardless of crypto market prices. + Projected Revenue MinedBlock will produce revenue through mining a strategically selected range of cryptocurrencies. Another way to ‘mine’ crypto is to buy and hold a minimum number of a coin in a wallet which entitles the holder to a share of transaction fees (similar to earning interest on a savings account). This is known as a ‘Proof of Stake’ method of mining. Publishing a wallet for Proof of Stake mining is called hosting a masternode. There are always new technological advances in the mining industry including strategies and technologies which we are prepared to adopt and add to our service. + Unique Selling Point (USP) Our USP compared to the competition is that we plan to make ourselves fully immune from the market, prioritise our investors (over ourselves) and be 100% transparent in everything we say and do. Most other mining firms have focused on just ‘out of the box’ mining and not considered any form of cost reduction or alternative revenue generation such as masternodes, and this has left them unprofitable and unable to continue. Our aims go far beyond ‘just being another mining company’ we intend to dominate the space as quickly as possible. At this stage, there isn’t really any meaningful competitor in the marketplace as the mining industry is still in its infancy.

Learn more

✉️ Website: https://www.minedblock.io/ ✉️ Telegram Group (http://t.me/MinedBlockOfficial)
✉️ Telegram Channel (http://t.me/MinedBlock)
📈 WhitePaper (https://www.minedblock.io/assets/MinedBlockWhitepaper.pdf)
👤 Facebook (https://www.facebook.com/MinedBlock/)
🐥 Twitter (https://twitter.com/mined_block)
📢 Bounty (https://beta.bounty0x.io/hosts/MinedBlock)
🌧 Airdrop (https://forms.gle/8aJmB1A4Pbx2ES8F6)
📰 Reddit (https://www.reddit.com/MinedBlock)
Bounty0x username : @bandit
submitted by Bandugan to ico [link] [comments]

General info and list of exchanges for Bitcoin File (BIFI)

What is BitcoinFile
BitcoinFile(BIFI) is a point-to-point distributed file system based on blockchain technology and it aims to create a global decentralized file system combined with IPFS file system and bitcoin settlement network. The combined technology makes it more environmentally friend for the world, more fair and more rewarding for miners, more reliable and easier-to-use for users. It perfectly solves the problem of low stability in IPFS networks due to the inability of contributors to earn sufficient returns and the uselessness of power consumption in the process of bitcoin mining.
BitcoinFile provides two kinds of mining methods. One is the strict POC (Proof of Capacity) method based on disk space, all BitcoinFile rewards blocks are mined by this method. The other one is integrated BitconFile network into IPFS, all resource sharers (miners) can mine by sharing their own disk space and network bandwidth. The amount of BitcoinFile earned depends on how much disk space and network bandwidth it shares, and only the disk space and network bandwidth actually used by the users will be calculated as proof of work, thus improving the overall network performance and efficiency.
BitcoinFile is a fully self-monitored decentralized community. Resource-sharers (miners) and users are the community participants. About 17 billion of BitcoinFiles will be air dropped to the current holders of Bitcoins, and another 3 billion will be distributed to each resource sharer (miners) on a POC basis according to the community design rules. Network users have to pay BiFi when using BitcoinFile's network. The BitcoinFile foundation will mine 1.05 billion BiFi in advance, of which 0.7 billion will be used for marketing and ecological construction and the other 0.35 billion will be used for team incentives. The part used for team incentives will be locked for 4 years, unlocking 20% ​​each year. Our Advantage Stable A more reliable and stable protocol for IPFS file systems, significantly reduce the instability of distributed file systems through effective returns to resource contributors which stimulates contributors to offer sustained and steady resources based on enhanced access protocol. Green Compared with POW mining, BitcoinFile's POC mining mechanism can save a lot of energy consumption. Meanwhile BitcoinFile's IPFS mining mechanism is based entirely on the actual contribution to community which avoids invalid power consumption in BTC mining. Fair A more fairer decentralized mining mechanism, BitcoinFile's IPFS mining mechanism calculates solely based on miner's altruism (contributing disk space and network bandwidth to others), dramatically increasing the difficulty and cost of deploying traditional mining clusters. Intelligence Huge block size and smart contracts to address the current state of Bittcoin network congestion, anyone can easily create file-based assets on the BitcoinFile blockchain, file based transactions, and any applications needs large size file. Ecology A better hardware ecology, the BitcoinFile Community has reached a strategic alliance with several hardware vendors to achieve greater robustness, security and availability of the entire blockchain network by pre-deploying BitcoinFile to partner’s hardware. Features Image Total distribution: 21 billion All holders of Bitcoin will receive an airdrop of BitcoinFile at a 1:1,000 ratio The remaining BiFi will be distributed to community participants who contribute resources through POC mechanisms The BitcoinFile foundation will mine 1.05 billion BiFi in advance, of which 0.7 billion will be used for marketing and ecological construction BitcoinFile can be used to trade file assets, disk space and bandwidth traffic..
What is BitcoinFile? BitcoinFile is a point-to-point distributed file system based on blockchain technology and it aims to create a global decentralized file system combined with IPFS file system and bitcoin settlement network. The combined technology makes it more environmentally friendly for the world, more fairer and more rewarding for miners, more reliable and easier-to-use for users.
What is the total amount of BitcoinFile? 21 billion. The BitcoinFile foundation will mine 1.05 billion BiFi in advance, of which 0.7 billion will be used for marketing and ecological construction.
Why we need BitcoinFile? BitcoinFile's mining process is fairer, more energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly, and actually creates value for our community. Miners with disk space and bandwidth can enjoy the benefits of mining more equitably. User with need for file storage and exchange can use BIFI to perches file assets as well as disk space and bandwidth shared by other users. The entire transaction process can be completed in the BitcoinFile blockchain by smart contracts
What is the purpose of bitcoinFile? Create a decentralized and stable global content network that supports billions of users in the future What are the advantages of BIFI compared to other fork currencies? BitcoinFile is not the same as Bitcoin and other fork currencies, it is not only means of payment or value storage, but a new network protocol system that combines a decentralized global content network with its own being. It has created new values and practical significance for this world.
What is Enhanced Access Protocol? The benefits of IPFS are undisputed as a decentralized distributed storage and sharing system. But pure decentralization also results in a range of performance and accessibility issues such as handling over popular as well as over unpopular files and how to effectively allocate the entire disk space and bandwidth over the network. Enhanced Access Protocol creatively add the Strategic Node role in the network which responsible for ranking resources of the entire network and dynamically configure usage strategies of allocating free disk space and available bandwidth base on the real-time ranking data. So the entire network has a better accessibility and stability especially in extreme cases.
Contact
Telegram Channels https://t.me/bitcoinfile (English) https://t.me/BiFi_Chinese (Chinese) [email protected]
EXCHANGE LIST
Binance
Huobi
Kucoin
Bibox
Qryptos
Satoexchange
BIGone
Bitrue
Bilaxy
Bit-Z
Linkcoin
SECURE WALLET
Ledgerwallet
Trezor
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In terms of features, the GUI brings a lot of configuration options for your mining hardware and provides performance graphs for easy visualization of your mining activity. BitMinter. If you’re looking for a truly cross-platform Bitcoin mining software, then you should definitely check out BitMinter. It’s one of the few mining software that ... Those who want to get into the action but do not want to get their hands dirty with hardware and software configuration can do cloud bitcoin mining. While this might be the easiest way to crypto mining it is perhaps the one that carries the most risk. A lot of these cloud mining service providers are outright scams that do not really undergo real mining. However, there are a few who are ... While Bitcoin mining got to a whole new level, Bitcoin Gold is designed especially for GPU mining. This means, you only need a desktop computer and a Graphics card to start earning money today. Already a Zcash miner or new to mining, this is a complete guide for you to get started from buying the necessary hardware to setting up the software and calculating your profits. Bitcoin Gold mining guide: learn how to mine Bitcoin Gold & become a Bitcoin Gold miner. Follow this guide & master Bitcoin Gold mining in no time! crypto. Binance vs Bittrex - What’s The Better Alternative. Binance vs Bittrex: which one is better? Is Binance a better Bittrex alternative? Read the full Binance vs Bittrex comparison to find out. crypto. How to Invest in Blockchain: The Ins ... Bitcoin mining hardware has had a long and rough road until it became what it is today. It has evolved from a source of passive income for individuals with a single home PC to a massive corporate business.. The entire Bitcoin network relies on the blockchain, a huge interconnected database, which in itself is a public record of Bitcoin transactions in chronological order. 3. Notable Mining Hardware Companies Bitmain Technologies. The most well-known mining hardware manufacturer around, Bitmain was founded in 2013 in China and today has offices in several countries around the world. The company developed the Antminer, a series of ASIC miners dedicated to mining cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Dash. Das Mieten von Hashleistung wird immer beliebter. Durch Anbieter wie NiceHash kann man in die Bitcoin-Mining-Welt eintreten, ohne zuvor eigene Hardware zu kaufen. So ist es möglich, eine relativ geringe Hashleistung über Tage, wenn nicht Wochen, laufen zu lassen oder sich den Traum einer eigenen Petahash-Farm für kurze Zeit zu erfüllen. The hardware you purchase today might become obsolete within a year or two. Bitcoin mining equipment manufacturers are constantly looking to make efficient ASIC miner to meet consumer demand. Back in 2016 any equipment with 14 Th/s was considered among the best Bitcoin mining hardware, however, this is no more the case.

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#680 Bitcoin ATH 2019, Binance Leak Erpresser & Coinbase gewinnt Insider Trading Prozess

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